In this Notebook we propose a reflection on the impact that the Covid-19 pandemic can have in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals proposed in agenda 2030 and on the international cooperation of Italy and Europe.
We will refer to two important documents that analyse the topic and propose a summary of them, inviting the reading, study and application of them.
The first is from the Italian Alliance for Sustainable Development (ASVIS) entitled, “Policies to deal with the crisis from COVID-19 and implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development“.
The second document is from the Inequality and Diversity Forum, entitled “During and After the Crisis, for a Different World”.
The shock produced by the Covid-19 is very violent and a source of “radical uncertainty”. The virus has made egregious frailties and inequalities, in Italy, as in the whole West. The global crisis Covid-19 takes place in a context marked in the West by profound injustices and a weakening of democracy, the result of a long season of erroneous policies, and by the authoritarian dynamic that followed.
On the one hand, it is the ecological crisis of the planet, the loss of biodiversity, the climate crisis, the consumption of nature, pollution, deforestation, the intrusion of agri-industrial systems: we do not yet know the causes of the onset of this virus, but for previous epidemics it has been ascertained the contribution of genetically homogeneous overpopulations, especially if it is adjacent to wildlife; and the relationship between the effects and lethality of Covid-19 and the spread of chronic respiratory diseases, which are notoriously highly affected by the air pollution that produces hundreds of different types of air pollution worldwide every year, should be analyzed, thousands of premature deaths (over 70,000 in Italy, according to the European Environment Agency).
On the other hand, are the fragility and economic, personal, and territorial inequalities, in the access and quality of the fundamental services and recognition that characterized the supposed pre-Covid-19 “normality”, fragility and inequalities that amplified the spread and health, economic and social effects of the virus.